Spain Chapter. International Civil Fraud
The legal concept of civil fraud, as understood in common law systems, does not exist under Spanish law. There are no specific procedural rules for causes of action based on civil fraud. However, there are different causes of action based on civil liability, under which the existence of wilful misconduct is a form of aggravated responsibility. Therefore, certain situations that fall within the common law concept of civil fraud are present in many liability regimes under Spanish law.